The second passenger jet aircraft in the world to fly after Britain’s de Havilland Comet 1 was Canada’s Avro C102 Jetliner. Powered by four Rolls-Royce Derwent engines and capable of flying 2,000 kilometres, the C102 first flew on 10 August 1949.
Developed by Avro to a Trans-Canada Airlines specification, it never went into production. This was due to an unfortunate series of choices by the Canadian Government. Canada lost what could have been a commanding position in the commercial aviation industry as a result.
Avro C102 Jetliner Video
Following on from last weeks video about the Boeing 307 Stratoliner, this week we head up to Canada for a look at the Avro C102 Jetliner. Running for just over 15 minutes, it is a fascinating glimpse into the story of this aircraft.
Both the main designer and chief test pilot – Jim Floyd and Don Rogers respectively – are interviewed about the C102. Their memories are very good, with many interesting details on how things came about and how it was to fly.
There are some fun anecdotes about the first arrival into New York, which shows people’s unfamiliarity with jets at the time. A CBS radio reporter also lists some of the records the Avro C102 broke in the United States in 1951.
Due to the cold war, production at Avro was ordered to focus on a military aircraft instead. Cancellation occurred in December 1951, and the almost completed second prototype was broken up.
How About One More?
This second video runs for around eleven minutes and again designer Jim Floyd gives an overview of what happened. Start it at 2 minutes 45 seconds as the introduction is unnecessary. What I particularly like are the many shots of the aircraft, both in colour and black and white.
The world’s first jet airmail was carried on board the Avro C102 Jetliner, flying from Toronto to New York in 58 minutes. This was half the previous record time.
It is sad to think about all that effort wasted on such a technologically advanced aircraft. The sole C102 was eventually donated to the National Research council. They had no room for it, kept just the cockpit and broke up the rest of the aircraft. You can see this today in the Canada Air and Space Museum in Ottawa.
Lots of pictures can be found here at the Avro Museum web site, which are worth a look. What do you think about what happened to the Avro C102 Jetliner? Thank you for reading and if you have any comments or questions, please leave them below.
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Featured image via Toronto Sun.